Checklist: Natural hazards
By Ashleigh Petersen

Checklist: Natural hazards

An emergency plan should include preparing for a variety of hazards.

Natural hazards

Geological hazards

  • Earthquake
  • Tsunami
  • Volcano
  • Landslide, mudslide, subsidence

Meteorological hazards

  • Flood, flash flood, tidal surge
  • Water control structure/dam/levee failure
  • Drought
  • Snow, ice, hail, sleet, arctic freeze
  • Windstorm, tropical cyclone, hurricane, tornado, dust storm
  • Extreme temperatures (heat, cold)
  • Lightning strikes (wildland fire following)

Biological hazards

  • Foodborne illnesses
  • Pandemic/infectious/communicable disease (Coronavirus, avian flu, H1N1, etc.)

Human-caused events


  • Hazardous material spill or release
  • Nuclear power plant incident (if located in proximity to a nuclear power plant)
  • Explosion/fire
  • Transportation accident
  • Building/structure collapse
  • Entrapment and/or rescue (machinery, confined space, high angle, water)
  • Transportation incidents (motor vehicle, railroad, watercraft, aircraft, pipeline)


  • Robbery
  • Lost person, child abduction, kidnap, extortion, hostage incident, workplace violence
  • Demonstrations, civil disturbance
  • Bomb threat, suspicious package
  • Terrorism

Technology caused events

  • Utility interruption or failure (telecommunications, electrical power, water, gas, steam, HVAC, pollution control system, sewerage system and other critical infrastructure)
  • Cybersecurity (data corruption/theft, loss of electronic data interchange or ecommerce, loss of domain name server, spyware/malware, vulnerability exploitation/botnets/hacking, denial of service)



Ashleigh Petersen

Ashleigh PetersenAshleigh Petersen

Ashleigh Petersen is the digital communications manager for Rental Management. She writes news and feature articles, plus coordinates the monthly Safety Issue and several sections in the magazine. Ashleigh loves spending time with her husband and young son, baking, gardening and listening to true crime and comedy podcasts.

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